What programs are there in the standard menu windows + видео обзор

We study standard Windows programs

Today we will talk about what arestandard Windows programs. They include a number of applications. As a rule, they are installed on the computer together with the installation of the operating system. We’ll look at some standard Windows XP programs. These include an integrated text editor, called WordPad, an electronic calculator, a graphic editor, Paint, etc.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

In the WordPad built-in menu allows you to insertactivate means that include a time field, dates, etc. in the document. A format menu allows you to set the desired font, as well as all other parameters. Go to the help menu, you call the help system.

Standard Windows programs include the populareditor Peint. With it both novice inexperienced users, and users who are with the computer on «you» work. And this is not surprising. After all, it contains many useful functions that allow you to edit a graphic object, scale a picture, stretch and rotate an image, save them as wallpaper for your computer desktop, etc.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

The application window of this graphics editorThe command bar contains the command bar for the main menu. It is located at the top of the screen. On the left side you will find a toolbar with certain icons, with which you can create images. And at the bottom of the screen there is a color palette that allows you to choose the color of the picture or background.

Create a drawing in a special workspacethis window. Using the toolbar, you can draw straight or curved lines, build different geometric shapes. Also at your disposal will be multiple tools that will allow you to draw your image in various ways. These are brushes of different shapes, pouring, sprayers with an adjustable «nozzle». Here you also have the ability to create even text fragments. In them you can change the font and style.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

But in order for you to draw moreaccurate drawing, and also draw necessary small details, Paint allows to edit each point (pixel) of your picture. To do this, you need to zoom in on the corresponding image fragment using the View / Zoom command. You will also have the opportunity to create your own shades, mixing the main colors of the palette. To do this, open the «Options» menu and select the «Change Palette» section there. You can rotate, stretch, invert the colors of some specific selection.

Also in the standard Windows programs is includedcalculator. With it, you can perform calculations in the same way as with a conventional calculator. It is possible to expand the set of functions. This is done through the «View» menu. There it is necessary to change the standard mode to engineering.

Of course, this is not all standardthe Windows program. This operating system has many other applications. True, not all of them are used by most common users. By the way, the standard Windows 7 programs have been replenished with some new applications.

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What programs are there in the standard menu windows

The Start menu provides access to every program installed on the computer. To open the Start menu, click the the Start menu button at the bottom-left corner of the screen or press the Windows key on the keyboard.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Windows 7 start menu

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Windows 10 start menu

Frequently Used Programs

In Windows 7 and older operating systems, the most frequently used programs are listed in the left section of the Start menu, with the folder All Programs near the bottom-left corner. The All Programs folder leads to every program installed on the computer. Windows 10 does not have the All Programs folder, but instead lists all programs on the left section of the start menu, with the most used at the top.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Windows 7 frequently used programs

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Windows 10 frequently used programs

Control Panel

The Start menu also provides access to Control Panel, a settings program that allows you to change the computer’s settings. In Windows 7 and older, Control Panel is labeled Control Panel on the right section of the Start menu, while in Windows 10 it is represented by a gear icon on the left above the Start button.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

The Start menu also provides a search text box or search button. Press the search button or type a word in the search box to search the computer for a program or file. (In Windows 10, the search box is not visible, but typing will trigger a search for what is being typed.)

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Practice Question

Open a Program

Like dialog menus, the Start menu also can use the > shorthand in instructions for navigating. For example, in Windows 7, the snipping tool is at Start>All Programs>Accessories.

Shutting Down

You can also use the Start menu to turn your computer off. In Windows 7 and older, the power button is usually marked Shut Down near the right corner of the Start menu. In Windows 7, clicking the arrow to the right of the Shut Down button gives you additional options. In Windows 10, the power button is a power icon located on the left directly above the Start menu button. Clicking it will also provide additional options.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

A Look at Some Shut Down Options

Not every shut down option is available on every version of Windows, but here are some common shut down options and what they mean.

Note about Windows 8

Windows 8 has a Start screen rather than a Start menu because Windows 8 was designed primarily for tablets. You can find instructions on navigating the Windows 8 start screen here.

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INTRODUCTION

START-UP APPLICATIONS
DO YOU REALLY NEED ALL OF THEM?

Last database update :- 31st March, 2020
53816 listed

DISCLAIMER: It is assumed that users are familiar with the operating system they are using and comfortable with making the suggested changes. We will not be held responsible if changes you make cause a system failure.

If you are a regular visitor, click here to go straight to the PROGRAMS

WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?

Virtually all applications you install using the default installation these days decide that they should start-up when Windows starts. If you allow these to take control, you can end up with a situation where (unless you have sufficient memory installed) every other program slows down to be unusable.

The reason for this is that all of these programs use a portion of the system memory and resources which leaves a smaller percentage for other programs once they’re opened. On an older system, for example, prior to tweaking we had 33 programs running at start-up with the system resources at 59% and Windows took an age before it was ready for use. Post tweaking we had a mere 10, with system resources back to 92% and Windows was up and running within a minute.

For example, if you regularly take part in online gaming or do a lot of graphics or video editing then resources and memory are normally at a premium. Examples of programs that use up part of system memory and aren’t really required (for most users) are:

HOW CAN I IDENTIFY THESE PROGRAMS?

Before we can prevent these programs from running at start-up and therefore using up system resources we have to identify them. There are a number of methods that can be used and we will accept new entries to the database from any of these. Specific details are provided for some of them below and the operating systems they apply to. All of these can also be used to disable programs from starting and are included in the appropriate section below.

Click on any of the thumbnails shown below and they will open full-size in another window.

With the introduction of Windows 7, Microsoft recommended using Autoruns for controlling which programs run when your computer starts and we still recommend using it for Windows 10/8. Autoruns is a free utility developed by SysInternals and has now been taken under the Microsoft TechNet umbrella.

To use it to identify start-up programs do the following:

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Autoruns

The fields we’re interested (which you can copy and paste) in are:

If you right-click on an entry and select Jump to. from the options it will open the location of the Startup Type. For example, if the registry editor is opened you will see a list of items and the 2 columns we’re interested in are Name and Data.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Registry Editor

With Windows 10/8, Microsoft moved the management of startup programs from the «System Configuration Utility» (aka MSConfig) to Task Manager. To use it to identify start-up programs do the following:

Note that you can expand the width of each column by holding down the left mouse button with the cursor on the vertical line between the column headings and then dragging the mouse either left or right before releasing. You can also double-click on the vertical line between two column headings to maximize the column width.

The columns we’re interested in are:

Note: You may also see some entries with a small arrow before the Name and a number in (). This indicates that the entry loads other daughter processes which would not appear in Autoruns under the «Logon» tab. A typical example found on Intel based systems would be Delayed Launcher for which the command line shows that it uses the file IAStorIconLauch.exe to load the file IAStorIcon.exe. Left click on the arrow by the name and you’ll see 2 sub-entries, the first one being a repeat of the Delayed Launcher one and the second being the actual IAStorIcon.exe file which was loaded and is now running.

You can also use the «System Configuration Utility» (referred to as MSConfig from now on) to identify startup programs. MSConfig is available for Windows 7/Vista/XP.

To use it to identify start-up programs do the following:

Note that with all of these you can expand the width of each column by holding down the left mouse button with the cursor on the vertical line between the column headings and then dragging the mouse either left or right before releasing. You can also double-click on the vertical line between two column headings to maximize the column width.

The columns we’re interested in are:

Until the introduction of Windows 7, Microsoft recommended using Windows Defender (or the registry) on systems running Vista or XP for controlling which programs run when your computer starts. This utility is included by default with Vista and can be downloaded for XP from here.

To use it to identify start-up programs do the following:

The fields we’re interested (which you can copy and paste) in are:

Previously on this page we’ve suggested using the excellent HijackThis (originally by Merijn Bellekom) but now available on SourceForge. There is still a tutorial available and we’re interested in the O4 and F0-F3 sections. A number of sites run dedicated forums for HijackThis™ users who are interested in the other entries.

Finally, you can also use one of the many other startup managers available.

NOTES

Naming conventions: The same start-up program can be listed differently depending upon which method you use from those above and which operating system you have. Take the example for the file «fpassist.exe» from the screenshots above:

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

File Properties

From the example above, it may look like Vista’s MSConfig and Windows Defender use the same information but they don’t. Have a look at the entry for sidebar.exe if you have it running on your Vista PC. For MSConfig it’s shown as Microsoft Windows Operating System whereas for Windows Defender it’s Microsoft Windows Sidebar. Therefore, a single program could have as many as 4 different entries in the database.

Tasks: The database is NOT a list of tasks/processes taken from the Task Manager (CTRL+SHIFT+ESC) «Processes» tab. This displays some startup programs AND other background tasks and «Services». These pages are concerned with startup programs from the common startup locations shown above ONLY. Please do not submit entries collected from this method as they will not be used. For a list of tasks/processes you should try the list at PC Pitstop, the Process Library from Uniblue or one of the many others now available.

Services: «Services» from the Windows 10/8/7/Vista/XP operating systems aren’t included here. We fully understand that some programs «Services» as an alternative to load their component parts at startup but we don’t currently have the time available to include these as well. We recommend you try the following sites for information on services for the relevant operating system:

HOW CAN I DISABLE THEM FROM RUNNING AT START-UP?

After identifying an entry and checking with the database, decide whether you want to prevent it from running at start-up or not. For example, if the entry is related to your anti-virus protection software, part of an application that won’t run correctly without it or part of a program that you use all the time then you want to leave it enabled. Otherwise, you can probably leave them disabled and use the shortcut in the start menu or on the desktop and if necessary, create your own.

If, after checking the database, an entry appears to be virus, spyware or otherwise malware related, check it with your security software first as it may be able to remove it. If you are suspicious and your security software doesn’t pick up anything, look at the filename and the entry in the registry in particular. Filenames can be the same as real system files (but in a different location), very similar or random. Entries under the Name column in the registry will often appear to be valid and be particularly suspicious if a system file appears there under the Data column. Finally, if your still suspicious try an on-line or on-demand scanner such as those from VirusTotal, Bitdefender or Trend Micro.

A number of methods can be prevent programs from running at startup. What these are how you use them is described here. Our recommendations are that you try each of the methods listed below in that order. Each method has an indication of which Windows operating system it is applicable to.

For example, the popular Skype internet telephony/chat program can be disabled via Tools → Options → General Settings → deselect «Start Skype when I start Windows».

If you click on Start → All Programs → StartUp (Windows 7/Vista/XP) you may find programs loading from here via shortcuts (whilst there’s no direct equivalent for Windows 10/8 the information below is still relevant as the locations still exist). If this is the case, you have two options:-

As stated above, we currently recommend using Autoruns for controlling which programs run when your computer starts. Autoruns will make the changes to the registry you need and provide a recovery mechanism.

To use it to prevent start-up programs from running do the following:

To use it to manage start-up programs do the following:

Note that Microsoft don’t advocate the use of MSConfig for controlling which programs run when your computer starts:

To use it to manage start-up programs do the following:

Notes:

Microsoft used to recommend using Windows Defender (or the registry) on systems running Vista or XP for controlling which programs run when your computer starts and it still can be used on those systems.

To use it to prevent start-up programs from running do the following:

You can both disable and permanently stop programs from running during start-up by editing the relevant entries from the System Registry using the Registry Editor. This option isn’t for the faint hearted and should only be used by those who are comfortable with editing the System Registry and understand what implications any changes may have. If you delete something from the System Registry accidentally, it may be corrupted to the extent that Windows may not re-start at all so beware.

For information about the Windows registry and editing it’s contents try the guide here

To use it to manage start-up programs do the following:

The most common keys you’re interested in are as follows:-

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices (mainly used on older OS’s and by malware)
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce (mainly used on older OS’s and by malware)
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce (mainly used on older OS’s and by malware)

For Windows 64-bit users you may also find entries listed under the following keys:-

HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\Run
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\policies\Explorer\Run
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Terminal Server\Install\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

You will also see entries under:-

HKEY_USERS\S-1-5-21-[user specific]\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_USERS\S-1-5-21-[user specific]\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

where [user specific] is a series of alphanumeric numbers unique to each user. These entries here are normally the same as those for the equivalent HKCU keys but malware can also use them.

HKLM refers to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
HKCU refers to HKEY_CURRENT_USER

If you want to read more about these registry keys and how they play a part in system start-up, we can suggest the following articles:

For Windows 7/Vista/XP disabled entries are kept as follows:

For Windows 10/8 we don’t currently know the equivalent.

9) Other common loading points

If you look at the Autoruns screenshot above you will see that there are two valid entries that are always present:

In addition the following are entry points are legitimate, but typically only used by malware:

Examples of malware that uses these entry points are::

Note:

This relates to the Troj/Dlsw-B trojan, which has the following registry entry:

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon, Shell = Explorer.exe init32m.exe

THE PROGRAMS

If you’re a regular visitor and just need to know what program entries have changed in the full list consult the Monthly Updates.

Please refer to the on-line databases and try to decide for yourself before asking which of your programs should be disabled. If you are still having problems deciding then by all means ask about those specific entries.

If you have some kind of internet filtering software installed some of these pages may not display due to the unfortunate use of certain names by some of the entries. This cannot be helped if the information provided is to be accurate.

Entries in the tables highlighted with a ? and those in red indicate that they are unfinished. This may be due to:

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

NEW & UPDATED ENTRIES

PLEASE READ THIS before submitting new programs to be added to the list. Submissions can be made via E-mail (startups_at_pacs-portal.co.uk).

The following information would be useful:

Please be aware that any of the links below will open a new browser window.

Collaboration:

The following site hosts their own startup programs database, contributes to the database hosted here and adds their own entries:

The following sites proved very useful when creating this site:

Useful adware/spyware links:

TESTIMONIALS

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What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Here are just a small sample of the comments received over the years from visitors who have found the site and list useful:

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What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Because there are various assignments you can perform on the computer, the operating system also provides many categories of objects. These objects allow you to perform available actions. The actions you can perform on the computer may depend on the object on which the action is performed and various other options. One of the objects the computer provides is called a menu.

In the previous lesson, we saw that when you right-click on the desktop, you see a series of words. This series of words is called a menu. A program’s menu, simply referred to as a menu, is a series of words usually aligned on a (vertical) column, each line of words indicating a particular action. Like everything else you will use on the computer, a menu depends simply on the person who created it.

To use a menu, you must first know whether and where it is available. We also saw that the menu that appears depended on what you had right-clicked: the Taskbar, an empty area on the desktop, or a picture on the desktop. The menus available on the programs are as varied as the programs themselves are.

We have just seen that, when you know where a menu is available, to access it, you can just click or right-click the item that holds the menu. How a menu appears can be influenced by the available room. The operating system decides on the availability of room to display the menu. Observe how the same menu is displayed in the following two illustrations:

If a menu is accessed from the middle to top section of a window, the operating system would display it under the item that was clicked.What programs are there in the standard menu windows

If the menu is being accessed from the bottom section of the screen, the operating system would calculate the available room under the item that was clicked. If there is enough room, the menu would be displayed under the item that was clicked. If there is not enough room, then the operating system would decide to display the menu above the item that was clicked:

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

To diversify the actions that can be performed on a computer, there are six main categories of menus, each of which depends on the person who created the menu:

What programs are there in the standard menu windowsStand-Alone Items: The simplest menu item displays a word or a group of words on its line. To use this menu type, you can simply click it. What happens depends on the program. Sometimes, it would appear as if nothing happened, in which case something could have happened behind the scenes. Sometimes nothing at all would happen. Being familiar with the program can give you more information
What programs are there in the standard menu windowsDisabled Menu Items: If a menu appears gray, this means that the menu is not available at this time. Such a menu is referred to as disabled. Clicking a disabled menu would not do anything, at all. most of the time, such a menu would require a prerequisite action in order to become available or enabled.
What programs are there in the standard menu windowsEllipsis Menus: A menu with three periods indicates that an intermediary action is required. To use such a menu, click it. Once clicked, sometimes another window would be displayed.
What programs are there in the standard menu windowsCheck Menus: A menu that appears with a check mark is used as a «witness» of a window object being available or not. This means that, when the check mark is set, the object the menu item refers to is visible. If you click such a menu item, the check mark disappears along with the item it refers to; the menu item is still visible: only its check mark and the item it refers to disappear.
What programs are there in the standard menu windowsRadio Menus: Some menu items appear in a group of two or more (usually not more than 7). The group is delimited by a horizontal line above the top menu item and another horizontal line below the bottom object.
At any time, one of the menu items has a big round dot on its left side. This dot is called a radio button. The item that is currently active has the radio button and the other menu items don’t. If you click an item other than the one with the radio button, the dot moves to the item you clicked and the previous item looses the radio button.
This type of menu is used when the programmer wants only one item of the group to indicate which item of a category is active.
What programs are there in the standard menu windowsArrow Menus: When a menu appears with an arrow, this means that the menu item holds its own list, called a submenu. Again, this design depends on the person who created the menu and is not subject to any preconceived rule.
To access the menu item, simply position the mouse cursor on the menu item that has the arrow. How the submenu appears may depend on the section of the screen from where the menu is being accessed. The operating system decides how to display this submenu based on the available room.

If the menu with arrow is accessed from the upper-left section of a window, the submenu would display on the right side of the menu and under the arrow:

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

If the menu is accessed from the upper-right section of the window, the operating system would check if there is enough room to display the submenu to the right and under the arrow. If there is enough room, the menu would be displayed as above. If there not enough room, then the submenu would be display on the left side of the menu and under the arrow.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

If the menu is accessed from the lower-left section of the window, the operating system would check if there is enough room on the right side of the menu and under the menu with arrow. If there is enough room, the submenu would display under the arrow.

If there is not enough room under the menu, the submenu would be displayed on the right side of the menu but above the arrow.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

If the menu is being accessed from the lower-right section of the screen, if there is enough room on the right side of the menu, the submenu would be displayed on the right side of the menu but above the arrow.

If there is not enough room on the right side of the arrow, the submenu would be displayed on the left side of the menu but above the arrow.

What programs are there in the standard menu windows

Main and Context-Sensitive Menus

We have seen that a menu on the same object can be different depending on what item you click to access such a menu. Based on this, a menu that appears when you simply click an object is considered the regular menu of the object, and it is simply called the menu. Sometimes when you click or even right-click an object, a menu might not appear. On the other hand, if a menu appears when you right-click an item or an area of a window, this menu is referred to as the context-sensitive menu.

Most applications display a menu in their top section. On this site, such a menu will be referred to as the Main Menu. The main menu displays columns of menus, each column is represented by a word (sometimes it will be more than one word for a menu item). To use this main menu, you can click a word. This causes a list of menu items to display. There are no strict rules (only suggestions) on what items must appear under what word. The person who creates an application also decides on the menu columns, their items, and their roles.

After clicking a menu column, if you find the item you are looking for, you can click it. If you don’t see the item you are looking for and you want to check another column, you have two options. You can simply move the mouse to another menu column of your choice. You can also click the menu item you had opened, then click the new column you desire. If you still don’t see what you are looking for, you can dismiss the menu.

There are various ways you can dismiss the menu if it is opened. If you click an item in the list of the displayed column, the menu would retract and close itself. If you have opened a menu but don’t want to use it anymore, you can click one of the menu items on top. You can also click anywhere other than the opened menu; this also closes the menu. We will also learn how to close the menu using the keyboard.

If a menu appears when you right-click an item, we will call it the context-sensitive menu. When necessary, you will be directed when to use the main menu or the context-sensitive menu.

From now on, when referring to a menu, we will use a right-pointing arrow to indicate subsequent clicks. Based on this, we will use the following conventions:

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Видео

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